HOW ARE DIFFERENT MASONRY TYPES CLASSIFIED?
Masonry work alludes to any structure that has been built by binding individual materials together along with mortar, a glue made of concrete, water, and sand. Different materials including brick, stone, and marble can be utilized to create masonry work. There are various sorts of masonry that are utilized for various applications relying on the structure that will be built.
So, before picking up that CMP masonry tool kit, you need to understand the different masonry types and some of them are found below:
Glass Block Masonry
The construction of glass block units (hollow or solid) of different sizes and shapes bonded together along with mortar is termed as glass block masonry. Because of the intrinsic attributes of glass block, they use it for partitions and penal walls in steel or R.C.C. framed buildings, and so on.
Hollow Concrete Masonry
As the solid cement weighs more, prompting more need for steel in RCC structures, and as it additionally requires more labor to lift it and put it at a certain height, therefore hollow concrete blocks have come in use which lessens the heaviness of the structure. It is utilized in private structures, schools, churches, and other public buildings. It is uniquely appropriate for low-cost houses construction. These blocks can be produced into different shapes and sizes relying on their utilization. The hollow block itself is light in weight. Very little ability is required for hollow concrete masonry. It is basically stronger than bricks. It doesn’t need plastering. More slender walls are conceivable; therefore, it will give more carpet area. Dressing work isn’t needed. The number of joints is less as the hollow concrete masonry unit is huge in size than traditional bricks.
Strong brickwork is made of at least two, or more, bricks with the units running horizontally (called stretcher bricks) bound together with bricks running traverse to the wall (called “header” bricks). Each row of bricks is known as a course. The pattern of headers and stretchers utilized offers rise to various bonds, for example, the common bond (with each 6th course made out of headers), the English bond, and the Flemish bond (with rotating stretcher and header bricks present on each course). Bonds can vary in strength and insulating capacity. Vertically staggered bonds will, in general, be, to some degree, stronger and less inclined to significant splitting than a non-staggered bond.
The wide selection of brick styles and types commonly accessible in industrialized countries permit a lot of assortment in the appearance of the final product. In buildings built during the 1950s-1970s, a serious extent of consistency of brick and exactness in masonry was regular. In the period from that point forward, this style was believed to be excessively sterile, so endeavors were made to imitate more established, more unpleasant work. Some brick surfaces are made to look especially rustic by including burnt bricks, which have a more obscure shading or an unpredictable shape. Others may utilize antique salvage bricks, or new bricks might be artificially matured by applying different surface treatments, for example, tumbling. The endeavors at rusticity of the late twentieth century have been carried forward by masons specializing in a free, artistic style, where the courses are deliberately not straight, rather weaving to shape more natural impressions.
Veneer Masonry is built utilizing various pieces that fit around another structure. Regularly, this kind of masonry work is created for aesthetic reasons. Since the bricks that are utilized to make veneer masonry aren’t typically waterproof, the structure that supports this sort of masonry work must have the option to withstand all elements. Homes that have brick surfaces are frequently built through veneer masonry.
Masonry has been known to keep going for hundreds, even thousands, of years. Over 70% of the construction on the planet is made of masonry. Masonry is developing in notoriety in all aspects of the world. A significant number of the world’s significant landmarks were built with masonry. Architects and developers pick masonry for its sturdiness, magnificence, and flexibility.